Political Parties


  • Dalton, Russell J., and Martin P. Wattenberg, eds. 2000. Parties without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford: ‎Oxford University Press.
  • Katz, Richard S, and William J. Crotty. Handbook of Party Politics. London: Sage Publications.
  • Michels, Robert. 1962. Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchial Tendencies of Modern Democracy. New York: Free Press.
  • Rosenbluth, Frances McCall, and Ian Shapiro. 2018. Responsible Parties: Saving Democracy from Itself. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Sartori, Giovanni. 1976. Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Colchester: ECPR Press.
  • Ware, Alan. 2009. The Dynamics of Two-Party Politics: Party Structures and the Management of Competition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • Cross, William P., and Richard S. Katz, eds. 2013. The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Doherty, David, Conor M. Dowling, and Michael G Miller. Small Power: How Local Parties Shape Elections. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Gauja, Anika. 2017. Party Reform: The Causes, Challenges, and Consequences of Organizational Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Hazan, Reuven Y., and Gideon Rahat. 2010. Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and their Political Consequences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Morgenstern, Scott. 2017. Are Politics Local?: The Two Dimensions of Party Nationalization around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Roscoe, Douglas D., and Shannon Jenkins. 2016. Local Party Organizations in the Twenty-First Century. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • Scarrow, Susan E., Paul D. Webb, and Thomas Poguntke, eds. 2017. Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Shafer, Byron E., and Regina L. Wagner. The Long War over Party Structure: Democratic Representation and Policy Responsiveness in American Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Wolkenstein, Fabio. 2020. Rethinking Party Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • Abramowitz, Alan I. 2010. The Disappearing Center: Engaged Citizens, Polarization, and American Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Bishop, Bill. 2009. The Big Sort: Why the Clustering of Like-Minded America is Tearing Us Apart. Boston: ‎Mariner Books.
  • Campbell, James E. 2016. Polarized: Making Sense of a Divided America. ‎Princeton: ‎Princeton University Press.
  • Grossmann, Matt, and David. A. Hopkins. 2016. Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Hopkins, Daniel J., and John Sides, eds. 2015. Political Polarization in American Politics. New York: Bloomsbury.
  • Klar, Samara, and Yanna Krupnikov. 2016. Independent Politics: How American Disdain for Parties Leads to Political Inaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • McCarty, Nolan. 2019. Polarization: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Muirhead, Russell. 2014. The Promise of Party in a Polarized Age. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, ed. 2015. Solutions to Political Polarization in America. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rosenfeld, Sam. 2018. The Polarizers: Postwar Architects of Our Partisan Era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Thurber, James A., and Antoine Yoshinaka, eds. 2015. American Gridlock: The Sources, Character, and Impact of Political Polarization. New York: Cambridge University Press.


  • Anderson, Sarah E., Daniel M. Butler, and Laurel Harbridge-Yong. 2020. Rejecting Compromise: Legislators’ Fear of Primary Voters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Boatright, Robert G., ed. 2018. Routledge Handbook of Primary Elections. New York: ‎Routledge.
  • Hirano, Shigeo, and  James M. Snyder, Jr. 2019. Primary Elections in the United States‎. Cambridge: ‎Cambridge University Press.
  • Ware, Alan. 2002. The American Direct Primary: Party Institutionalization and Transformation in the North. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

State Level

  • Gelman, Andrew, David Park, Boris Shor, and Jeronimo Cortina. 2010. Red State, Blue State, Rich State, Poor State: Why Americans Vote the Way They Do. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Holbrook, Thomas M. 2016. Altered States: Changing Populations, Changing Parties, and the Transformation of the American Political Landscape. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Jewell, Malcolm E., and Sarah M. Morehouse. 2001. Political Parties and Elections in American States. Washington: ‎CQ Press.
  • Masket, Seth. 2011. No Middle Ground: How Informal Party Organizations Control Nominations and Polarize Legislatures. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

United States

  • Aldrich, John H. 2011. Why Parties?: A Second Look. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Brewer, Mark D., and L. Sandy Maisel. 2021. Parties and Elections in America: The Electoral Process. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Brewer, Mark D., and L Sandy. Maisel. 2013. The Parties Respond: Changes in American Parties and Campaigns. Boulder: Westview.
  • DiSalvo, Daniel. 2012. Engines of Change: Party Factions in American Politics, 1868–2010. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Fiorina, Morris P., and Samuel J. Abrams. 2009. Disconnect: The Breakdown of Representation in American Politics. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Green, John C., Daniel J. Coffey, and David B. Cohen, eds. 2014. The State of the Parties: The Changing Role of Contemporary American Parties. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Hershey, Marjorie Randon, Barry C. Burden, and Christina Wolbrecht, eds. 2014. CQ Press Guide to U.S. Political Parties. Thousand Oaks: CQ Press.
  • Hershey, Marjorie Randon. 2021. Party Politics in America. New York: Routledge.
  • Levendusky, Matthew. 2009. The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Maisel, L. Sandy, and Jeffrey M. Berry. 2010. The Oxford Handbook of American Political Parties and Interest Groups. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Maisel, L. Sandy. 2022. American Political Parties and Elections: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Masket, Seth. 2016. The Inevitable Party: Why Attempts to Kill the Party System Fail and How they Weaken Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Masket, Seth, and Hans Noel. 2021. Political Parties. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Schaffner, Brian F. 2012. Politics, Parties, and Elections in America. Boston: Wadsworth.
  • Stonecash, Jeffrey M. 2010. New Directions in American Political Parties. New York: Routledge.
  • Wigton, Robert C. 2015. The Parties in Court: American Political Parties under the Constitution. Lanham: ‎Lexington Books.